There is no truer answer to this question than a plain yes. A huge number of the diabetic population is at risk for developing various disorders, one of which is neuropathy. Here is an explanation about both pathologies and the link between them.
Diabetes: the Condition
We all know that diabetics have issues regulating their sugar levels in the blood. This makes the blood thicker than usual as sugar makes any liquid have a thicker consistency. Why is there a need to control the amount of sugar in the blood? That is because sugar makes the blood an inefficient vehicle to transport oxygen and nutrients to the different parts of the body if it is too viscous. When the various parts of the body do not receive enough of the vital gases and nutrients, the organs won’t be able to do their functions very well.
Peripheral Nervous System: Anatomy and Physiology
The nervous system is divided into two subsystems: the central – the brain and the spinal cord, and the peripheral – the nerves that arise from the spinal cord. The nerves are distributed throughout the body innervating various organs and controlling different functions. The peripheral nervous system basically has three main functions: sensation, movement, and autonomic control of the visceral organs. When the nerves are impaired, these functions are affected.
Neuropathy: the Pathology
As abovementioned, nerves are throughout the body. The farthest ones are located in the upper and lower extremities. When these nerves in the limbs are the ones affected – which is the most common case, the person who has the condition will exhibit a symptom of tingling, numbing or a painful sensation. When the nerves affected lie nearer to the midline of the body, the specific region will certainly manifest the symptoms. Generally, the location of neuropathic pain or discomfort is hugely dependent upon the locality of neuropathy.
The Link between the Two
There are many reasons why a person develops neuropathy. Among the multitude are: trauma, vitamin deficiency, toxic substances or chemicals, a degenerative condition, any underlying disease, poor tissue oxygenation and perfusion, and many more. A diabetic may develop neuropathy because the oxygen is not transported effectively to the distal parts of the body. Apart from the fact that the blood carries insufficient oxygen, it also travels through very tiny capillaries, for these are the blood vessels located in the hands and the feet. Since the parts are not well oxygenated, they do not function properly.